During the eighteenth century, many good thinkers evolved. However, Benjamin Franklin was one of the founding fathers of the United States, who drafted and signed the United States Declaration of Independence. He became the first postmaster general of the United States. His contributions, discoveries, and theories regarding electricity played a great role in bringing reforms and revolutions in progress.

As “the First American” campaigning for colonial unity, he served as an author and spokesman for several colonies. He was an ideal for everyone as he symbolized the nation. He was the first United States ambassador to France. There is a lot that we can learn about him.

“Better slip with foot than tongue!”

                                    -Benjamin Franklin

Introduction 

Benjamin Franklin’s pseudonym was Richard Saunders. On January 17, 1790, he was born in Boston, Massachusetts (United States). On April 17, 1790, he died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States). He worked for various posts like that of a printer, an author, a publisher, an inventor, and a scientist. He was always one of the best thinkers in the United States.

History

He was the 10th son of a candle and soap maker who had 17 children. He was always a good learner, and so he learned to read very early and was admitted to a grammar school for a year. His formal education ended at the age of ten. At the age of 12, he was responsible for taking care of the printer’s trade. He was very happy and glad to do that. During that tenure, he also focussed on growing himself by reading and learning tirelessly. He also learned how to write very well. His writings were effective. His enthusiasm for poems ended soon, and then he started to invest himself in prose. He took some help from a volume of The Spectator, which featured Joseph Addison and Sir Richard Steele’s famous essays. He took help from it and tried to improve his writing from there. He read them repeatedly, and he also tried to memorize them. Soon he was able to convert prose to poetry and poetry to prose, which is a very different quality and not anyone can have after finding a weekly newspaper in 1721. In 1722 he presented a series of 14 essays named “silence do good”. He was praised well for his worthy and great achievement at 16. Around 1732, He became an able and prosperous person and started promoting public services in Philadelphia. His efforts were also put on library promotions, a fire department, a hospital, an insurance company, and an academy(the University of Pennsylvania). He was a lettered political philosopher. Benjamin Franklin worked hard, and he became a successful newspaper editor and printer in Philadelphia, which was the leading city in the colonies; he started publishing the Pennsylvania Gazette at age 23. He became quite wealthy publishing this and one more publication named “Poor Richard’s Almanack“, he wrote it under the pseudonym “Richard Saunders”. After 1767, he got himself associated with the Pennsylvania Chronicle. This newspaper was known for its revolutionary sentiments and criticisms towards the policies of the British Parliament and the Crown.

Education

Benjamin Franklin was a good thinker and wise person, but he could never graduate from any great higher learning institution. His life taught him lessons. His life was educated and made him wise enough to be called a diplomat. His experiences were enough for him to attain such high and commanding positions in society. Benjamin Franklin was eight years old when he was sent to Boston Latin School. This college provided education to the boys of all the classes in humanities. Following the year(in 1716), he was transferred to George Brownell’s English School. After gaining enough knowledge from here, he was taken home at the age of 10 to assist his father in his business. All this means that his education ended at the age of ten. Benjamin Franklin was a good and fast learner. He learned reading and writing very early. Even after leaving his schooling, he always tried to invest himself in gaining further knowledge in Humanities and Science. Remaining all the knowledge he had come from his experiences and the communication he had with the new people after meeting them. The ideas he exchanged with the new people were very beneficial to him as they helped him in his growth.

Career

During his lifetime, he always accomplished new positions and opportunities, which was the driving force for him to keep moving. He was an author, musician, painter, scientist, inventor, diplomat, politician, and thinker. He first assisted his father, a candle and soap maker, in his business, but after getting bored from it, he moved to the printing business. He tried to come up as an entrepreneur, then he started as an author, he gave out some pamphlets, letters, and other literature. He wrote 14 essays compiled as “silence do good” and the financially lucrative “Poor Richard’s Almanac”. In the 1730s, he got a bit wealthy due to several real estate ventures. He drafted the Declaration of Independence of the United States. He became an ambassador to France later. During his last years, he was busy writing seeing former colleagues. He was a leading delegate to the constitutional convention, which means he produced the constitution and bill of rights.

His Contributions and Inventions as A Scientist

His inventions were really important and revolutionized society. He never patented any of his inventions because he wanted everyone to enjoy what he made or discovered to a full extent.

Lightning rod:

He thought about how buildings could be protected from lightning, and he got the idea from his famous kite-flying experiment. He noticed that a sharp iron needle could conduct electricity away from a charged metal sphere, so he theorized that such a design could be brought to use:

“May not the knowledge of this power of points be of use to mankind, in preserving houses, churches, ships, etc., from the stroke of lightning, by directing us to fix, on the highest parts of those edifices, upright rods of iron made sharp as a needle…Would not these pointed rods probably draw the electrical fire silently out of a cloud before it came nigh enough to strike, and thereby secure us from that most sudden and terrible mischief!” 

Bifocals:

He invented things he felt needed and the same things others could also need. So when he got tired of changing the glasses, he, again and again, invented bifocals which had two kinds of lenses to support the vision.

Swim fins:

the idea that something that can provide extra thrust while swimming and facilitate the moves while swimming pushed him to invent swim fins.

Franklin stove:

It was a metal lined-fireplace a few inches away from the chimney. It helped keep the room warm and comfortable during winters.

Armonica:

“Of all my inventions, the glass armonica has given me the greatest personal satisfaction.” he designed it in 1761. 

An Account of Kite Experiment

“Before that, he had thought of another way of proving his theory, and with the help of his electrical kite had drawn lightning from a cloud…

Benjamin Franklin has done a lot to bring revolution to society. As a person, he always tried to bring changes in society, which is why he was recognized so well. Apart from that, his inventions were worth satisfying and always helped the people. He made what he realized could change lives and be important to others.   

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